Chemistry at Illinois University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Jeffrey S. Moore


Murchison-Mallory Professor of Chemistry
Professor of Materials Science and Engineering

Professor Moore received his B.S. degree in Chemistry in 1984 and his Ph.D. in Materials Science in 1989 from the University of Illinois. Thereafter, he was an NSF Postdoctoral Fellow at Caltech and an assistant professor at the University of Michigan before joining the faculty in 1993. Professor Moore is also an Associate Editor for the Journal of the American Chemical Society and a faculty member of the Beckman Institute and the Frederick Seitz Material Research Lab.

Research

Our research involves the synthesis and study of large organic molecules and the discovery of new polymeric materials. Most projects relate to one of three areas: new macromolecular architectures and their supramolecular organization; responsive polymers including self-healing materials; mechanochemical transduction. In general, our group uses the tools of synthetic and physical organic chemistry to address problems at the interface of chemistry and materials science.

Designing New Macromolecular Architectures
The Moore group is known for its success in developing, adapting, and utilizing modern synthetic methods to construct complex, yet well-defined, carbon-rich materials. The overarching objective of this project is the development of scalable methods for the synthesis of structurally well-defined, carbon-rich architectures of nanoscale dimension. The alkyne metathesis reaction is the method-of-choice for oligomerization and cyclooligomerization of carbon-rich precursors because it employs dynamic covalent chemistry that preserves the high-carbon content of the carbon-carbon triple bond. In a single synthetic transformation, it is possible to prepare large and structurally complex products from relatively simple small-molecule precursors. We also plan to conduct exploratory work on the preparation of moreadvanced carbon-rich targets through the use of macrocyclic building blocks.

Representative Publications
Sisco, S.W.; Moore, J.S. "Directional Cyclooligomers via Alkyne Metathesis" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 9114-9117.
DOI:10.1021/ja303572k

Gross, D.E.; Discekici, E. and Moore, J.S. "Macrocyclic depolymerization of arylene-ethynylene copolymers: a dynamic combinatorial method". Chem. Comm. 2012,48, 4426-4428. DOI: 10.1039/C2CC30701D

Self-Healing Polymers
Self-healing microvascular material systems have attracted attention for their ability to achieve multiple healing cycles in response to mechanical damage. Vaporization of Sacrificial Components, or VaSC, is a fabrication method we developed to create microvascular fiber-reinforced composites with channel lengths up one meter whose channels can subsequently be filled with a variety of liquids including aqueous solutions, organic solvents and liquid metals. By circulating fluids with unique physical properties, we demonstrate the ability to create a new generation of biphasic pluripotent composite materials where the solid phase provides strength and form and the liquid phase provides interchangeable functionality. Our self-healing research is done in collaboration with the Autonomous Materials Systems group of the Beckman Institute at the University of Illinois.

Representative Publications
Dong, H.; Esser-Kahn, A. P.; Thakre, P.R.; Patrick, J.P.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S.R.; Moore, J.S. "Chemical Treatment of Poly(lactic acid) Fibers to Enhance the Rate of Thermal Depolymerization”. ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 2012, 4, 503-509 DOI : 10.1021/am2010042. Article on request

Jin, H.; Mangun, C.L.; Stradley, D.S.; Moore, J.S.; Sottos, N.R.; White, S.R. "Self-healing thermoset using encapsulated epoxy-amine healing chemistry", Polymer 2012, 53, 581-587 DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2011.12.005.

Mechanochemistry
At the intersection of mechanics and chemistry, mechanochemistry is a subject that embraces many everyday phenomena including wear and abrasion, friction and lubrication, and stress-accelerated degradation of materials. Our concept of a mechanophore is a stress or strain activated molecular unit that can be inserted into a polymeric material to provide a molecular-scale reading of the local mechanical state or to transform materials properties in response to the local mechanical environment. A few key mechanochemical research themes within the group include: Damage Sensing, Catalysis, and shockwave energy dissipation. Our mechanochemistry research is done in collaboration withthe Autonomous Materials Systems group of the Beckman Institute at the University of Illinois.

Representative Publications
Diesendruck, C.; Steinberg, B.D.; Sugai, N.; Silberstein, M.N.; Sottos, N.R.; White, S.R.; Braun, P.V.; Moore, J.S. "Proton-Coupled Mechanochemical Transduction: A Mechanogenerated Acid". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 12446-12449. DOI: 10.1021/ja305645x

Beiermann, B.A.; Kramer, S.L.B.; Moore, J.S.; White, S.R.; Sottos, N.R. "Role of Mechanophore Orientation in Mechanochemical Reactions". ACS Macro Lett. 2012,1, 163-166. DOI: 10.1021/mz2000847. Article on request

The Moore group is working to develop concepts and materials for extending the lifetimes and efficiencies of electronic materials. Mechanisms causing mechanical failure in electronic materials range from the mismatch of thermal expansion to the loss of contact in particles within battery electrodes due to fragmentation upon repeated lithiation/delithiation cycles in lithium ion batteries. Additionally, we are interested in developing flowable anodes and cathodes for improved battery performance as compared to current battery architectures.

Representative Publications
Odom, S.A..; Tyler, T.P.; Caruso, M.M.; Ritchey, J.A.; Schulmerich, M.V.; Robinson, S.J;, Bhargava, .;, Sottos, N.R;, White, S.R;, Hersam, M.C.; Moore, J.S," Autonomic Restoration of Electrical Conductivity using Polymer-stabilized Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Microcapsules", Appl. Phys. Lett., 2012, 101, 043106. DOI: 10.1063/1.4737935

Odom, S.A.; Chayanupatkul, S.; Blaiszik, B.J.; Zhao, O.; Jackson, A.C.; Braun, P.V.; Sottos, N.R.; White, S.R.; Moore, J.S. "A Self-healing Conductive Ink". Adv. Mater.2012, 24, 2578-2581. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201200196

Publications

Diesendruck, C.; Steinberg, B.D.; Sugai, N.; Silberstein, M.N.; Sottos, N.R.; White, S.R.; Braun, P.V.; Moore, J.S. "Proton-Coupled Mechanochemical Transduction: A Mechanogenerated Acid". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 12446-12449. DOI: 10.1021/ja305645x

Odom, S.A..; Tyler, T.P.; Caruso, M.M.; Ritchey, J.A.; Schulmerich, M.V.; Robinson, S.J;, Bhargava, .;, Sottos, N.R;, White, S.R;, Hersam, M.C.; Moore, J.S," Autonomic Restoration of Electrical Conductivity using Polymer-stabilized Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Microcapsules", Appl. Phys. Lett., 2012, 101, 043106. DOI: 10.1063/1.4737935

Sisco, S.W.; Moore, J.S. "Directional Cyclooligomers via Alkyne Metathesis" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 9114-9117. DOI:10.1021/ja303572k

Odom, S.A.; Chayanupatkul, S.; Blaiszik, B.J.; Zhao, O.; Jackson, A.C.; Braun, P.V.; Sottos, N.R.; White, S.R.; Moore, J.S. "A Self-healing Conductive Ink". Adv. Mater. 2012, 24, 2578-2581. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201200196

Gross, D.E.; Discekici, E. and Moore, J.S. "Macrocyclic depolymerization of arylene-ethynylene copolymers: a dynamic combinatorial method". Chem. Comm. 2012,48, 4426-4428. DOI: 10.1039/C2CC30701D.

Baginska, M.; Blaiszik, B.J.; Merriman, R.J.; Sottos, N.R.; Moore, J.S.; White, S.R., "Autonomic Shutdown of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Thermosresponsive Microspheres". Adv. Energy Mater. 2012, 2, 583-590. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201100683

Gross, D.E.; Zang, L.; Moore, J.S., "Arylene–ethynylene macrocycles: Privileged shape-persistent building blocks for organic materials". Pure Appl. Chem. 2012, 84, 869-878. DOI:10.1351/PAC-CON-11-09-15.

Evans, M.J.; Moore, J.S., "Peer Tutoring iwth the Aid of the Internet". British Journal of Educational Technology 2012, first publishd online March 1, 2012. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2011.01280.x

Che, Y.; Gross, D.E.; Huang, H.; Yang, D.; Yang, X.; Discekici, E.; Xue, Z.; Zhao, H., Moore, J.S.; Zang, L., "Diffusion-Controlled Detection of TNT: Interior Nanoporous Struc-ture and Low HOMO Level of Building Blocks Enhance Selectivity and Sensitivity". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 4978-4982. DOI: 10.1021/ja300306e

Dong, H.; Esser-Kahn, A. P.; Thakre, P.R.; Patrick, J.P.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S.R.; Moore, J.S. "Chemical Treatment of Poly(lactic acid) Fibers to Enhance the Rate of Thermal Depolymerization”. ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 2012, 4, 503-509 DOI : 10.1021/am2010042. Article on request

Jin, H.; Mangun, C.L.; Stradley, D.S.; Moore, J.S.; Sottos, N.R.; White, S.R. "Self-healing thermoset using encapsulated epoxy-amine healing chemistry", Polymer 2012, 53, 581-587 DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2011.12.005.

Beiermann, B.A.; Kramer, S.L.B.; Moore, J.S.; White, S.R.; Sottos, N.R. "Role of Mechanophore Orientation in Mechanochemical Reactions". ACS Macro Lett. 2012,1, 163-166. DOI: 10.1021/mz2000847. Article on request

Additional Moore Group Publications

 

Awards

  • Fellow, American Chemical Society
  • Fellow, Polymeric Materials Science and Engineering (PMSE)
  • Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • UIUC Campus Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching
  • LAS Dean's Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching
  • Alpha Epilon Delta Pre-Health Honors Society Professor of the Year Award
  • Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Alfred P. Sloan Fellow
  • ACS Arthur C. Cope Scholar Award
  • Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar
  • NSF Young Investigator Award

Highlights

To keep up with the Moore group's highlights, visit their twitter feed.

  1. Matt Kryger's recent JACS paper is highlighted in Nature Chemistry. See the article here.
  2. AMS self-healing battery work is listed as "Science News of the Year" for 2011. See the article here.
  3. AMS self-healing electronics work gets a spotlight in Nature. See the article here.
  4. Postdoc Goush publishes on 'Foldamer Structuring by Covalently Bound Macrmolecules' now available in JACS ASAPs. See the article here.
  5. ACS Highlights Hyperbranched Polymers publication as "Noteworthy Chemistry" See the article here.
  6. Mechanophores Featured in Popular Mechanics'"10 Tech Concepts You Need to Know for 2011" Read the article here.
  7. Smashing Self-Healing! Recent Advanced Functional Materials on self-healing electronics was highlighted in Materials View. Read more here.
  8. You Break It, You Fix It: Mechanochemically-activated cyanocrylates paper was highlighted in SYNFACTS. Read more here.
  9. "Online Chemistry Course Offers Freedom and Flexiblity"
    See the Postmarks article by James Kloeppel.
  10. Moore's research into self-healing circuits has been highlighted in Technology Review. Read the Technology Review article here.
  11. Moore and collaborators design a 'first aid kit' for electrical systems. Read the RSC highlight of their work here.
  12. "Mechanochemistry: Seeing Stress"
    C&E News highlights Dr. Moore's work in mechanical stress and self-sensing in polymers. Read the C&E News article here.
  13. "See the force: Mechanical stress leads to self-sensing in solid polymers"
    See the News Bureau of the University of Illinois article by James Kloeppel.
  14. Imitating Nature by Self-Healing Materials by Shelley Singh
    See the Economic Times article here
  15. Self-Reparing Materials: A healing balm
    http://www.economist.com/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10637606
  16. This Year In Nature - Our March 2007 paper was selected by Nature's editors as one of their "favourites' from papers published in 2007.
  17. U of I researchers named to SciAm 50 for 2007 http://www.las.uiuc.edu/news/2008spring/08jan_sciam50.html
  18. RSC's Chemistry World published its "Cutting Edge Chemistry in 2007". There you'll read, "Jeffrey Moore at Illinois showed that chemical catalysts are sometimes not needed at all, using ultrasound instead to selectively break a target bond, giving a product that had proved inaccessible using more conventional techniques."
    http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/News/2007/December/18120702.asp
  19. Nov. 2007 — Our 2006 article, "The Chain-Length Dependence Test", published in Accounts of Chemical Research is being featured on the ACS Publications website as a "Hot Paper" as defined by Thomson Scientific (ISI) Essential Science Indicators.
  20. The Right Combination: Sottos, Moore, White Make Collaborations Productive and Fun
    http://www.beckman.uiuc.edu/news/synergy/sottosmoorewhite.html
  21. Catalyst-free chemistry makes self-healing materials more practical
    http://www.news.uiuc.edu/NEWS/07/1127selfheal.html
  22. Now, self-healing materials can mimic human skin, healing again and again
    http://www.news.uiuc.edu/NEWS/07/0611sottos.html
  23. Nature: Mechanics meets chemistry in new ways to manipulate matter
    http://mrl.uiuc.edu/highlights/2007/20070319mooresottos.html
  24. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v446/n7134/full/7134xia.html
    Making the paper: Jeffrey Moore
    A molecule that undergoes chemical reaction in response to stress.
  25. Brute Force Breaks Bonds
    http://pubs.acs.org/cen/news/85/i13/8513notw4.html

Patents

Baginska, M.B., Blaiszik, B.J., Esser-Kahn, A., Odom, S.A., Weng, W., Zhang, Z., Sottos, N.R., White, S.R., Moore, J.S., Khalil, A. Materials and Methods for Autonomous Battery Shutdown, UIUC TF10063-US, U.S. Patent Application 13/489,871. Filed June 6, 2012.

S.R. White, J.S. Moore, N.R. Sottos, B.J. Blaiszik, M.M. Caruso, C.L. Mangun, L.G. Reifschneider, Thermally Robust Capsule System, and Composites Including the Capsules, UIUC TF09085, U.S. Provisional Patent Application 61/453,324, filed March 16, 2011. US Patent Application 13/421,986 filed March 16, 2012.

S.R. White, K. Amine, M. Baginska, B. Blaiszik, P.V. Braun, M. Caruso, A. Finke, A. Jackson, J.S. Moore, S. Odom, N. Sottos, M. Thackeray, J. Richey, Method and Apparatus for Automatic Repair and Restoration of Electrical Conductivity, UIUC TF 10064, U.S. Provisional Patent Application 61/356,356, filed June 18, 2010. U.S. Patent Application 13/164,144, filed June 20, 2011.

B. Blaiszik, S. Odom, M. Caruso, A. Jackson, M. Baginska, J. Ritchey, A. Finke, S. White, J. Moore, N. Sottos, P. Braun, K. Amine, Materials and Methods for Autonomous Restoration of Electrical Conductivity, UIUC TF 10064, US Patent Application 13/164,144, filed June 20, 2011

S. Odom, M. Caruso, N.R. Sottos, S.R. White, J.S. Moore, A.D. Finke, J. Moll “Visual Indication of Mechanical Damage with Microcapsule Systems, UIUC TF 10062-PRO Provisional U.S. Patent, Ser. No. 61/358,516 filed June 25, 2010. U.S. Patent Application 13/168,166 filed on June 24, 2011.

A. Esser-Kahn, H. Dong, P. Thakre, J. Patrick, N.R. Sottos, J.S. Moore, S.R. White, “Micro-Vascular Materials And Composites For Forming The Materials.” UIUC TF10047-PRO, filed March 11, 2011. US Patent Application 13/416,002 filed March 9, 2012.

L.J. Markoski, J.S. Moore, and J.W. Lyding, “Electrochemical Cells Comprising Laminar Flow Induced Dynamic Conducting Interfaces, Electronic Devices Comprising Such Cells, and Methods EmployingSame.” Patent number 7,651,797, January 26, 2010.

J.S. Moore, J.D. Rule, S. R. White, N.R. Sottos, E. N. Brown, “Wax Particles for Protection of Activators, and Multifunctional Autonomically Healing Composite Materials.” UIUC TF04008-US. Patent number 7,566,747, July 28, 2009.

S.L. Potisek, D.A. Davis, S.R. White, N.R. Sottos, J.S. Moore, “Self-Assessing Mechanochromic Materials.” UIUC TF07125, U.S. Patent Application, 12/693,801, filed July 27, 2007; PCT Patent Application, PCT/US2008/71083, filed July 24, 2008. U.S. Patent 8,236,914 issued August 7, 2012.

M.M. Caruso, D.A. Delafuente, B.J. Blaiszik, J.M. Kamphaus, N.R. Sottos, S.R. White, J.S. Moore, “Solvent-Promoted Self Healing Materials.” UIUC TF07085, U.S. Patent Application, Ser. No. 60/983,004, filed Oct. 26, 2007; PCT Patent Application, PCT/US08/81291, filed October 27, 2008. 12/739,537, April 23, 2010.

K.S. Toohey, N.R. Sottos, J.A. Lewis, J.S. Moore, S.R. White, “Self-Healing Materials with Microfluidic Networks.” UIUC TF07101, U.S. Patent Application, Ser. No. 11/760,567, filed June 8, 2007; PCT Patent Application, PCT/US2008/66071, filed June 6, 2008.

S.R. White, N.R. Sottos, J.S. Moore, G.O. Wilson, B.J. Bliaszik, J.D. Rule, M.W. Keller, B.F. McCaughey, Multi-capsule System for Autonomic Healing, UIUC TF06183-US. Provisional U.S. Patent Application, Ser. No. 61/174, 214 filed April 30, 2009. U.S. Patent Application, Ser. No. 12/769, 904 filed on April 29, 2010.

Zang, L., Moore, J. S., Naddo, T., Zhang, W. “Fluorescent Organic Nanofibrils Based on Arylene-Ethylene Macrocycles as Sensory Materials for Explosives Detection.” UIUC TF07057-US Ser. No 12/110,869, filed April 2008. U.S. Patent number 8,153,065, April 10, 2012.

Weissman, H., Plunkett, K.N., Cho, H. M., and Moore, J.S.  “Heterogeneous Alkyne Metathesis.” TF05062, Provisional Application #60/688,936  June 2005, US Application #11/422,004 June 2006.

Moore, J.S., Rule, J. D., Brown, E. N., Sottos, N.R.,  and White, S. R.  “Wax Particles for Protection of Activators, and Multifunction Autonomically Healing Composite Materials.” U.S. Patent 6,858,659, 2005.

Markoski, L., Lyding, J., and Moore, J.S.  “Electrochemical Cells Comprising Laminar Flow induced Dynamic Conducting.” U.S. Patent 6,713,206, March 2004.

Beebe, D.J., and Moore, J.S.  “Microfabricated Devices and Method of Manufacturing the Same.” US Patent 6,488,872, December 2002.

Beebe, D.J., Moore, J.S., Liu, R.H., Eddington, D.T.  “Self-Regulating Microfluidic Device and Method of Using the Same.” US Patent 6,523,559, February 2003.

Beebe, D.J., Moore, J.S., Zhao, B.  “Method and Structure for Microfluidic Flow Guiding.” U.S. Patent 6,821,485, 2004.

White, S.R., Sottos, N.R., Geubelle, P.H., Moore, J.S., Sriram, S.R., Kessler, M.R., Brown, E.N.  “Multifunctional Autonomically Healing Composite Material.”  U.S. Patent 6,518,330, Feb 2003.

Beebe, D.J.; Moore, J.S.; Moorthy, J.  “A Method for Constructing Flow Constrictions Inside Microfluidic Channels.” U.S. Patent 7,111,635, Sept 2006.

Beebe, D. J.; Suh, H.-J.; Moore, J. S.; Bharathi, P.  “Dendritic Material Sacrificial Layer Micro-Scale Gap Formation Method.” U.S. Patent 6,248,668, 2001.

Moore, J.S.; Thompson, D.S.; Markoski, L.J. “Stable AmBnEtherimide Monomers (where m =1 and n ≥ 1), Am End-capping Agents (where m = 1), Bn Cores (where n ≥ 1), and Their ResultingPolyetherimide Polymers with Controllable Degrees of Branching (DB = 0-1), Molecular Architectures, and End Group Compositions, Along with Methods forTheir Preparation.” patent application submitted.  “Branched and Hyperbranched Polyetherimides from Stable A1Bn, AB, AA, and BB Monomers: AM Endcapping Agents.” U.S. Patent 6,333,390, 2001.

Martin, D.C.; Moore, J.S.; Markoski, L.J.; Walker, K.A.; Spilman, G.E., “Difunctional Bitricyclodecatriene Monomers." U.S. Patent 5,552,508, 1996.

Martin, D.C.; Moore, J.S.; Markoski, L.J.; Walker, K.A. "Cyclobutabenzene Monomers."  U.S. Patent 5,334,752, 1994.

Photo of Jeffrey S. Moore