Chemistry at Illinois University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ralph Nuzzo

G. L. Clark Professor of Chemistry
Professor of Materials Science and Engineering

 

Professor Nuzzo received his B.S. degree in chemistry from Rutgers University in 1976 and his Ph.D. degree in Organic Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1980. After completing his graduate studies he accepted a position at Bell Laboratories, then a part of A.T.&T., where he held the title of Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff in Materials Research. He joined the Illinois faculty in 1991.

Research

Our research is concerned broadly with the chemistry of materials. Our research interests are frequently use-inspired, leading us to examine systems-level applications for both common and new materials that strenuously test them in technologically important ways. These efforts exploit state of the art tools as well as lead us to develop new means to fabricate high performance devices that integrate functional materials in new and empowering ways. Our work is providing an increasingly powerful set of capabilities for fabricating devices that embed challenging 2D and 3D nano scale design rules. We also explore in our research fundamental behaviors in materials in contexts where new understandings might engender useful forms of progress and new capabilities. These include: processes occurring at surfaces and interfaces; the properties of complex forms of matter; materials dynamics; catalytic transformations; mechanics and transport; and adhesion as specific examples. In our studies we make frequent use of state of the art methods of spectroscopic analysis and physical characterization. This research makes extensive use of state of the art methods and instrumentation for imaging complex chemical and materials systems. These microscopies provide what are unquestionably the most powerful methods currently available for characterizing important forms of nanoscale materials (especially catalysts) at atomic resolution.

A hallmark of our studies is that we explore systems of diverse form, doing so with an interest in defining novel mechanisms for preparing useful materials structures—whether nanoscale or more macroscopic—from solid, molecular, and other precursors. We integrate these efforts with a larger set of research interests directed at the development of novel methods of micro/nanoscale fabrication and molecular patterning, with an overarching interest to provide new capabilities for technology in areas as diverse as: light weight, flexible, and other novel form factor electronics; photovoltaic energy systems; advanced lighting; optics; batteries, fuel cells, and other electrochemical energy systems; actuators; chemical sensors; and bioanalytical arrays and scaffolds. The materials chemistry relevant to this work is therefore far ranging, spanning metals, semiconductors, polymers, ceramics, biological materials, and ultimately cells. These studies involve many points of collaborative interactions with our colleagues here and at other institutions.

Publications

[1] “UV Patternable Thin Film Chemistry for Shape and Functionally Versatile Self-Oscillating Gels,” Yuan. P.; Kuksenok, O.; Gross, D. E.; Balazs, A. C.; Moore, J. S.; Nuzzo, R. G. Soft Matter 2013, 9, 1231-1243 DOI: 10.1039/c2sm27100a.

[2] “Ultrathin Silicon Solar Micro-Cells with an Integrated Nanostructured Backside Reflector for Enhanced Optical Absorption,” Corcoran, C. J.; Kang, S.; Chanda, D.; Li, L.; Guo, X.; Chanda, D.; Nuzzo, R. G. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 2013, 5, 4239-4246 DOI: 10.1021/am400408g.

[3] “Metastability and Structural Polymorphism in Noble Metals (Au, Ag, Pt, Pd, Ir and Rh): the Role of Composition and Metal Atom Coordination in Mono- and Bimetallic Nanoclusters,” Sanchez, S. I.; Small, M. W.; Bozin, E. S.; Wen, J.-G.; Zuo, J.-M.;. Nuzzo, R. G. ACS Nano 2013, 7, 1542-1547 DOI: 10.1021/nn305314m.

[4] “X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Lithiated Silicon Microstructures,” Fister, T. T.; Goldman, J. L.; Long, B. R.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Gewirth, A. A.; Fenter, P. A. J. Appl. Phys. 2013, 102, 131903/1-4 DOI: 10.1063/1.4798554.

[5] “Short Range Order in Bimetallic Nanoalloys: an Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Study,” Frenkel, A. I.; Wang, Q.; Sanchez, S. I.; Small, M. W.; Nuzzo, R. G. J. Chem. Phys. 2013, 138, 064202/1-7 DOI: 10.1063/1.4790509.

[6] “Electronically Programmable, Reversible Shape Change in Two- and Three-Dimensional Hydrogel Structures,” Yu, C.; Duan, Z.; Yuan, P.; Li, Y.; Su, Y.; Zhang, X.; Pan, Y.; Dai, L. L.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Huang, Y.; Jiang, H.; Rogers, J. A. Advanced Materials 2013, 25, 1541-1546 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201204180.

[7] “Doubling the Power Output of Bifacial Thin-Film GaAs Solar Cells with Luminescent Concentration,” Sheng, X.; Shen, L.; Kim, T.; Li, L.; Dowdy, R.; Froeter, P.; Wang, X.; Shigeta, K.; Li, X.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Giebink, N. C.; Rogers, J. A. Advanced Energy Materials 2013, 3, 991-996 DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201201064.

[8] “Light Trapping in Ultra-thin Monocrystalline Silicon Solar Cells,” Yu, K. J.; Park, J. S.; Lee, Y. R.; Corcoran, C.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Chanda, D.; Rogers, J. A. Advanced Energy Materials 2013, 3, 1401–1406 DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201300542.

[9] “An In­-situ Study of Bond Strains in 1nm Pt Catalysts and their Sensitivities to Cluster-Support and Cluster-Adsorbate Interactions,” Frenkel, A. I.; Small, M. W.; Smith, J. G.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Kvashnina, K. O.; Tromp, M. J. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117, 23286–23294 DOI: 10.1021/jp4062658.

[10] "Quantitative Reflection Imaging of Fixed Aplysia Californica Pedal Ganglion Neurons on Nanostructured Plasmonic Crystals" Le, A.-P.; Kang, S.; Thompson, L. B.; Rubakhin, S. S.; Sweedler, J. V.; Rogers, J. A.; Nuzzo, R. G. J. Phys. Chem. B. 2013, ASAP DOI: 10.1021/jp402731f.

[11] “Directed Transport as a Route to Improved Performance in Micropore-modified Encapsulated Multilayer Silicon Electrodes,” Goldman, J. L.; Cason, M. W.; Wetzel, D. J.; Vicker, H.; Beyer, A.; Gölzhäuser, A.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Gewirth A. A. J. Electrochem. Soc. 2013, 160, A1746-A1752 DOI: 10.1149/2.047310jes.

[12] “Amorphous to Crystalline Transformations in Nanoparticles," Li, L.; Wang, L.-L.; Johnson, D. D.; Zhang, Z.; Sanchez, S. I.; Kang, J. H.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Wang, Q.; Frenkel, A. I.; Li, J.; Ciston, J.; Stach, E. A.; Yang, J. C. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 13062–13072 DOI: 10.1021/ja405497p.

[13] “Model Ge Microstructures as Anodes for Li-ion Batteries,” Long, B. R.; Goldman, J. L.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Gewirth, A. A.  Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry 2013, 17, 3015-3020 DOI: 10.1007/s10008-013-2148-6.

[14] “Fabrication and Assembly of Ultra-thin Monocrystalline Silicon Solar Microcells Integrating Electrical Passivation and Anti-reflection Coatings,” Yao, Y.; Brueckner, E.; Li, L.; Nuzzo, R. G. Energy & Environmental Science 2013, 6, 3071-3079 DOI 10.1039/c3ee42230e.

[15] “Critical Review: Effects of Complex Interactions on Structure and Dynamics of Supported Metal Catalysts,” Frenkel, A. I.; Cason, M. W.; Elsen, A.; Jung, U.; Small, M. W.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Vila, D. V.; Rehr, J. J.; Stach, E. A.; Yang, J. C. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 2014, 32, 020801/1-17 DOI 10.1116/1.4820493.

[16] “A Finite-Deformation Mechanics Theory for Kinetically Controlled Transfer Printing,” Feng, X.; Cheng, H.; Bowen, A. M.; Carlson, A. W.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Rogers, J. A.  Journal of Applied Mechanics 2013, 80, 061023-061023-5 DOI: 10.1115/1.4023963.

[17] “Enhanced Ultraviolet Responses in Thin-film InGaP Solar Cells by Down-Conversion,” Sheng, X.; Corcoran, C. J.; He, J.; Shen, L.; Kim, S.; Park, J.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Rogers, J. A. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2013, 15, 20434-20437 DOI: 10.1039/c3cp54096k.

[18] "Luminescent Solar Concentration with Semiconductor Nanorods and Transfer-Printed Micro-Silicon Solar Cells," Bronstein, N. ; Li, L. ; Yao, Y. ; Xu, L. ; Alivisatos, A. P. ; Nuzzo, R. G. ACS Nano. 2014, 8, 44–53 DOI: 10.1021/nn404418h

[19] “Effects of Adsorbate Coverage and Bond Length Disorder on the d-Band Center in Carbon-Supported Pt Catalysts,” Small, M. W.; Kas, J.; Kvashnina, K. O.; Rehr, J. J.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Tromp, M.; Frenkel, A. I. Chem. Phys. Chem. 2014, online view DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201400055.

 

Awards

  • 2013 Affiliated Member of the Faculty, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 2013 Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry
  • 2011 Fellow of the American Chemical Society
  • 2011 Forschungspreis of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
  • 2009 co-recipient of the IEEE George E. Smith Award
  • 2007 Fellow of the AVS.
  • 2006 Wall Street Journal Technology Innovation Award in Electronics.
  • 2005 Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
  • 2003 Recipient of the American Chemical Society’s Arthur W. Adamson Award for Distinguished Achievement in the Advancement of Surface Chemistry
  • Senior Editor, Langmuir

Highlights

U. S. Patents

1. US Patent: “Modification of the Properties of Metal Surfaces and Interfaces,” Allara, D.L.; Nuzzo, R.G., US 4690715 (09/01/1987)

2. US Patent: “Intermetallic Catalyst Preparation,” Dubois, L.H.; Nuzzo, R.G., US 4,507,401 (10/01/1984)

3. US Patent: “Aliphatic Aromatization with Intemetallic Group VIII-IIIA, IVA Catalyst,” Dubois, L.H.; Nuzzo, R.G., US 4,612,407 (09/16/1986)

4. US Patent: “An Improved Process for the Chemical Vapor Deposition of Aluminum,” Green, M.L.; Levy, R.; Nuzzo, R.G.; US 4,716,050 (12/29/1987)

5. US Patent: “Enhanced Corrosion Resistance of Metal Surfaces,” Dubois, L.H.; Nuzzo, R.G.; US 4,579,752 (04/01/1986)

6. US Patent: “Self-Assembled Monolayer Directed Patterning of Surfaces”, Nuzzo, R. G.; Clem, P. L.; Payne, D. A. US 6,518,168, issued on 2/11/03.

7. US Patent: “Decal Transfer Microfabrication”, Nuzzo, R. G.; Childs, W. R. 6,805,809, issued on 10/19/04.

8. US Patent: “Methods and Devices for Fabricating and Assembling Printable Semiconductor Elements”, Nuzzo, R. G.; Rogers, J.; Menard, E.; Lee, K.-J.; Khang, D.-Y.; Sun, Y.; Meitl, M.; Zhu, Z. 7,622,367, issued on 11/24/2009

9. US Patent: “Decal Transfer Lithography”, Nuzzo, R. G.; Childs, W. R.; Motala, M. A.; Lee, K. J.; US 7,662,545 issued on 02/16/2010.

10. US Patent: “Multispectral Plasmonic Crystal Sensors”, Nuzzo, R. G.; Rogers, J. A.; Mack, N. H.; Malyarchuk, V.; Stewart, M. E.; Yao J., 7,705,280 issued on 04/27/2010.

11. US Patent: Nuzzo, R. G.; Rogers, J. A.; Khang, D.-Y.; Ko, H. C.; Lee, K. J.; Mack, K.; Meitl, M. A.; Menard, E.; Sun, Y.; Zhu, Z. “Printable Semiconductor Structures and Related Methods of Making and Assembling”, 7,799,699, issued on 07/21/2010.

12. US Patent: “Microfluidic Electrochemical Reactors”, Nuzzo, R. G.; Mitrovski, S. M. 7,909,971 B2, issued on 03/22/2011.

13. US Patent: Nuzzo, R. G.; Rogers, J. A.; Khang, D.-Y.; Lee, K. J.; Meitl, M.; Menard, E.; Sun, Y.; Zhu, Z. 11/423,192, “Pattern Transfer Printing by Kinetic Control of Adhesion to an Elastomeric Stamp”, 7,943,491 B2 issued on 05/17/2011.

14. US Patent: Rogers, J. A.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Meitl, M. A.; Ko, H. C.; Yoon, J.; Menard, E.; Baca, A. J. 11/858,788, “Release Strategies for Making Transferable Semiconductor Structures, Devices and Device Components”, 7,932,123 B2, issued on 04/26/2011.

15. US Patent: Rogers, J. A.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Ahn, B. Y.; Ataman, H.; Baca, A. J.; Choquette, K.; Giannopoulos, A.; Guo, X.; Kasten, A. M.; Ko, H. C.; Meitl, M. A.; Menard, E.; Motala, M. A.; Park, S.; Stoykovich, M.; Yao, J.; Yoon, J.; Yu, C. J., “Optical Systems Fabricated by Printing-Based Assembly”, 7,972,875 B2 07/05/2011.

16. US Patent: Nuzzo, R. G.; Rogers, J.; Menard, E.; Lee, K.-J.; Khang, D.-Y.; Sun, Y.; Meitl, M.; Zhu, Z. 12/564,566, “Methods and Devices for Fabricating and Assembling Printable Semiconductor Elements”, 7,982,296 B2, issued on 07/19/2011.

17. US Patent: Nuzzo, R. G.; Rogers, J. A.; Khang, D.-Y.; Ko, H. C.; Lee, K. J.; Mack, K.; Meitl, M. A.; Menard, E.; Sun, Y.; Zhu, Z. “Printable Semiconductor Structures and Related Methods of Making and Assembling”, 8,039,847 B2, issued on 10/18/2011.

18. US Patent: Rogers, J. A.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Ahn, B. Y.; Carlson, A.; Choi, M. –M.; Huang, Y. Y.; Jiang, H.; Khang, S.; Khang, D. Y.; Kim, H. –S.; Ko, H. –C.; Keon, J. L.; Meitl, M. A.; Menard, E.; Stoykovich, M.; Sun, Y.; Zhu, Z., “Controlled Buckling Structures in Semiconductor Interconnects and Nanomembranes for Stretchable Electronics”, 8,217,381 issued on 07/10/2012.

19. US Patent:  Ahn, H.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Shim, A., “Sub-micron Decal Transfer Lithography,” 8,252,191 B2 issued on 08/28/2012.

20. US Patent:  Nuzzo, R. G.; Rogers, J. A.; Khang, D.-Y.; Ko, H. C.; Lee, K. J.; Mack, S.; Meitl, M. A.; Menard, E.; Sun, Y.; Zhu, Z. “Printable Semiconductor Structures and Related Methods of Making and Assembling”, 8,394,706 B2, issued on 03/12/2013.

21. US Patent: Nuzzo, R. G.; Rogers, J.; Menard, E.; Lee, K.-J.; Khang, D.-Y.; Sun, Y.; Meitl, M.; Zhu, Z. “Methods and Devices for Fabricating and Assembling Printable Semiconductor Elements”, 8,440,546 B2 issued on 05/14/2013.

22. US Patent: Rogers, J. A.; Nuzzo, R. G.; Ahn, B. Y.; Ataman, H.; Baca, A. J.; Choquette, K.; Giannopoulos, A.; Guo, X.; Kasten, A. M.; Ko, H. C.; Meitl, M. A.; Menard, E.; Motala, M. A.; Park, S.; Stoykovich, M.; Yao, J.; Yoon, J.; Yu, C. J., “Optical Systems Fabricated by Printing-Based Assembly”, (US Patent Application 13/100,774, continuation of U.S. Patent Application No. 11/981,380, filed October 31, 2007) notice of allowance received on November 26, 2013.

Patents

Photo of Ralph Nuzzo