Chemistry at Illinois University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Jeffrey S. Moore

Murchison-Mallory Professor of Chemistry
Professor of Materials Science and Engineering
Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor

Professor Moore received his B.S. degree in Chemistry in 1984 and his Ph.D. in Materials Science in 1989 from the University of Illinois. Thereafter, he was an NSF Postdoctoral Fellow at Caltech and an assistant professor at the University of Michigan before joining the faculty in 1993. Professor Moore is also an Associate Editor for the Journal of the American Chemical Society and a faculty member of the Beckman Institute and the Frederick Seitz Material Research Lab.

Research

The Moore group is dedicated to the professional development of next-generation scientists and educators who will impact the world with their skills and knowledge. The group’s research integrates ideas from physical organic chemistry and engineering with polymer synthesis to invent mechanically responsive materials. Motivated by the technological need for materials that are safer and last longer, experiments are designed to understand the fundamental science of mechanochemical transduction, which in turn helps in the design of polymers that produce chemical signals or undergo chemical reactions following mechanical activation. Specific examples include materials that heal themselves, warn of high stress, or repair electrical circuits. Recently, the Moore group partnered with frequent collaborators Nancy Sottos and Scott White to demonstrate plastics that not only heal after damage, but regenerate, thanks to reactive fluids pumping through vascular channels within the material, similar to blood in a circulatory system.

 

New Polymeric Materials

  • Compartmentalization and On-demand Release
  • Functional Membranes for Water Purification
  • Molecular Modulators for Controlled Growth of Fibrillar Networks
  • Touch-and-Go Reactions

Self-Healing Polymers

Mechanochemistry

  • Shock wave energy dissipation (SWED) by Mechanochemically Active Materials
  • Autonomically adaptive materials
  • Mechanoacids

Energy Storage Materials

  • The Role of Macromolecular Architecture on Redox Active Molecules

Publications

Celestine, A.-D. N.; Beiermann, B.A.; May, P.A.; Moore, J.S.; Sottos, N.R.; White, S.R. "Fracture-induced Activation in mechanophore-linked, Rubber Toughened PMMA". Polymer, 2014, published online 14 June 2014. DOI:10.1016/j.polymer.2014.06.019

Shiraki, T.; Diesendruck, C.E. and Moore, J.S. "The Mecahnochemical Production of Phenyl Cations through Heterolytic Bond Scissions", Faraday Discuss., 2014, Advance Article. DOI: 10.1039/C4FD00027G.

Kang, S.; Jones, A.R.; Moore, J.S.; White, S.R. and Sottos, N.R., "Microencapsulated Carbon Black Suspensions for Restoration of Electrical Conductivity", Adv. Funct. Mater., 2014, 24, 2947-2956 DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201303427

Sisco, S.W.; Larson, B.M. and Moore, J.S. "Relaxing conformational Constraints in Dynamic Macrocycle Synthesis", Macromolecules, 2014, 47, 3829-3836. DOI: 10.1021/ma500673x

Kaitz, J.A.; Diesendruck, C.E. and Moore, J.S. “Divergent Marocyclization Mechanisms in the Cationic Initiated Polymerization of Ethyl Glyocylate”, Macromolecules, 2014, 47, 3603-3607. DOI: 10.1021/ma500674c

Additional Moore Group Publications

Most Cited

Hill, D.J.; Mio, M.J.; Prince, R.B.; Hughes, T.S. and Moore, J.S. "A field guide to foldamers", Chemical Reviews, 2001, 101, 3893-4012.

White, S.R.; Sottos, N.R.; Geurbelle, P.H.; Moore, J.S.; Kessler M_R.; Sriram, S.R.; Brown, E.N.; Viswanathan, S. "Autonomic healing of polymer composites", Nature, 2001, 409, 794-797.

Beebe. D.J.; Moore, J.S.; Bauer, J.M.; Yu Z.; Liu, R.H.; Devadoss, C.; Jo, B.H. "Functional hydrogel structures for autonomous flow control inside microfluidic channels", Nature, 2000, 404, 588-590.

Gardner, G.B.; Venkataraman, D.; Moore, J.S.; Lee, S. "Spontaneous assembly of a hinged coordination network", Macmillan Magazines Ltd., 1995.

Nelson, J.C.; Saven, J.G., Moore, J.S.; Wolynes, P. "Solvophobically driven folding of nonbiological oligomers", Science, 1997, 277, 1793-1796

Google Citation link for Jeffrey Moore.

 

Awards

  • Professor, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
  • Fellow, American Chemical Society
  • Fellow, Polymeric Materials Science and Engineering (PMSE)
  • Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • UIUC Campus Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching
  • LAS Dean's Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching
  • Alpha Epilon Delta Pre-Health Honors Society Professor of the Year Award
  • Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Alfred P. Sloan Fellow
  • ACS Arthur C. Cope Scholar Award
  • Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar
  • NSF Young Investigator Award

Highlights

To keep up with the Moore group's highlights, visit their twitter feed.

  1. Matt Kryger's recent JACS paper is highlighted in Nature Chemistry. See the article here.
  2. AMS self-healing battery work is listed as "Science News of the Year" for 2011. See the article here.
  3. AMS self-healing electronics work gets a spotlight in Nature. See the article here.
  4. Postdoc Goush publishes on 'Foldamer Structuring by Covalently Bound Macrmolecules' now available in JACS ASAPs. See the article here.
  5. ACS Highlights Hyperbranched Polymers publication as "Noteworthy Chemistry"
  6. Mechanophores Featured in Popular Mechanics'"10 Tech Concepts You Need to Know for 2011" Read the article here.
  7. Smashing Self-Healing! Recent Advanced Functional Materials on self-healing electronics was highlighted in Materials View. Read more here.
  8. You Break It, You Fix It: Mechanochemically-activated cyanocrylates paper was highlighted in SYNFACTS. Read more here.
  9. "Online Chemistry Course Offers Freedom and Flexiblity"
    See the Postmarks article by James Kloeppel.
  10. Moore's research into self-healing circuits has been highlighted in Technology Review. Read the Technology Review article here.
  11. Moore and collaborators design a 'first aid kit' for electrical systems. Read the RSC highlight of their work here.
  12. "Mechanochemistry: Seeing Stress"
    C&E News highlights Dr. Moore's work in mechanical stress and self-sensing in polymers. Read the C&E News article here.
  13. "See the force: Mechanical stress leads to self-sensing in solid polymers"
    See the News Bureau of the University of Illinois article by James Kloeppel.
  14. Imitating Nature by Self-Healing Materials by Shelley Singh
    See the Economic Times article here
  15. Self-Reparing Materials: A healing balm
    http://www.economist.com/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10637606
  16. This Year In Nature - Our March 2007 paper was selected by Nature's editors as one of their "favourites' from papers published in 2007.
  17. U of I researchers named to SciAm 50 for 2007
  18. RSC's Chemistry World published its "Cutting Edge Chemistry in 2007". There you'll read, "Jeffrey Moore at Illinois showed that chemical catalysts are sometimes not needed at all, using ultrasound instead to selectively break a target bond, giving a product that had proved inaccessible using more conventional techniques."
    http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/News/2007/December/18120702.asp
  19. Nov. 2007 — Our 2006 article, "The Chain-Length Dependence Test", published in Accounts of Chemical Research is being featured on the ACS Publications website as a "Hot Paper" as defined by Thomson Scientific (ISI) Essential Science Indicators.
  20. The Right Combination: Sottos, Moore, White Make Collaborations Productive and Fun
    http://www.beckman.uiuc.edu/news/synergy/sottosmoorewhite.html
  21. Catalyst-free chemistry makes self-healing materials more practical
    http://www.news.uiuc.edu/NEWS/07/1127selfheal.html
  22. Now, self-healing materials can mimic human skin, healing again and again
    http://beckman.illinois.edu/news/2008/01/winter2008/sottosmoorewhite
  23. Nature: Mechanics meets chemistry in new ways to manipulate matter
  24. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v446/n7134/full/7134xia.html
    Making the paper: Jeffrey Moore
    A molecule that undergoes chemical reaction in response to stress.
  25. Brute Force Breaks Bonds
    http://pubs.acs.org/cen/news/85/i13/8513notw4.html

Patents

Baginska, M.B., Blaiszik, B.J., Esser-Kahn, A., Odom, S.A., Weng, W., Zhang, Z., Sottos, N.R., White, S.R., Moore, J.S., Khalil, A. Materials and Methods for Autonomous Battery Shutdown, UIUC TF10063-US, U.S. Patent Application 13/489,871. Filed June 6, 2012.

S.R. White, J.S. Moore, N.R. Sottos, B.J. Blaiszik, M.M. Caruso, C.L. Mangun, L.G. Reifschneider, Thermally Robust Capsule System, and Composites Including the Capsules, UIUC TF09085, U.S. Provisional Patent Application 61/453,324, filed March 16, 2011. US Patent Application 13/421,986 filed March 16, 2012.

S.R. White, K. Amine, M. Baginska, B. Blaiszik, P.V. Braun, M. Caruso, A. Finke, A. Jackson, J.S. Moore, S. Odom, N. Sottos, M. Thackeray, J. Richey, Method and Apparatus for Automatic Repair and Restoration of Electrical Conductivity, UIUC TF 10064, U.S. Provisional Patent Application 61/356,356, filed June 18, 2010. U.S. Patent Application 13/164,144, filed June 20, 2011.

B. Blaiszik, S. Odom, M. Caruso, A. Jackson, M. Baginska, J. Ritchey, A. Finke, S. White, J. Moore, N. Sottos, P. Braun, K. Amine, Materials and Methods for Autonomous Restoration of Electrical Conductivity, UIUC TF 10064, US Patent Application 13/164,144, filed June 20, 2011

S. Odom, M. Caruso, N.R. Sottos, S.R. White, J.S. Moore, A.D. Finke, J. Moll “Visual Indication of Mechanical Damage with Microcapsule Systems, UIUC TF 10062-PRO Provisional U.S. Patent, Ser. No. 61/358,516 filed June 25, 2010. U.S. Patent Application 13/168,166 filed on June 24, 2011.

A. Esser-Kahn, H. Dong, P. Thakre, J. Patrick, N.R. Sottos, J.S. Moore, S.R. White, “Micro-Vascular Materials And Composites For Forming The Materials.” UIUC TF10047-PRO, filed March 11, 2011. US Patent Application 13/416,002 filed March 9, 2012.

L.J. Markoski, J.S. Moore, and J.W. Lyding, “Electrochemical Cells Comprising Laminar Flow Induced Dynamic Conducting Interfaces, Electronic Devices Comprising Such Cells, and Methods EmployingSame.” Patent number 7,651,797, January 26, 2010.

J.S. Moore, J.D. Rule, S. R. White, N.R. Sottos, E. N. Brown, “Wax Particles for Protection of Activators, and Multifunctional Autonomically Healing Composite Materials.” UIUC TF04008-US. Patent number 7,566,747, July 28, 2009.

S.L. Potisek, D.A. Davis, S.R. White, N.R. Sottos, J.S. Moore, “Self-Assessing Mechanochromic Materials.” UIUC TF07125, U.S. Patent Application, 12/693,801, filed July 27, 2007; PCT Patent Application, PCT/US2008/71083, filed July 24, 2008. U.S. Patent 8,236,914 issued August 7, 2012.

M.M. Caruso, D.A. Delafuente, B.J. Blaiszik, J.M. Kamphaus, N.R. Sottos, S.R. White, J.S. Moore, “Solvent-Promoted Self Healing Materials.” UIUC TF07085, U.S. Patent Application, Ser. No. 60/983,004, filed Oct. 26, 2007; PCT Patent Application, PCT/US08/81291, filed October 27, 2008. 12/739,537, April 23, 2010.

K.S. Toohey, N.R. Sottos, J.A. Lewis, J.S. Moore, S.R. White, “Self-Healing Materials with Microfluidic Networks.” UIUC TF07101, U.S. Patent Application, Ser. No. 11/760,567, filed June 8, 2007; PCT Patent Application, PCT/US2008/66071, filed June 6, 2008.

S.R. White, N.R. Sottos, J.S. Moore, G.O. Wilson, B.J. Bliaszik, J.D. Rule, M.W. Keller, B.F. McCaughey, Multi-capsule System for Autonomic Healing, UIUC TF06183-US. Provisional U.S. Patent Application, Ser. No. 61/174, 214 filed April 30, 2009. U.S. Patent Application, Ser. No. 12/769, 904 filed on April 29, 2010.

Zang, L., Moore, J. S., Naddo, T., Zhang, W. “Fluorescent Organic Nanofibrils Based on Arylene-Ethylene Macrocycles as Sensory Materials for Explosives Detection.” UIUC TF07057-US Ser. No 12/110,869, filed April 2008. U.S. Patent number 8,153,065, April 10, 2012.

Weissman, H., Plunkett, K.N., Cho, H. M., and Moore, J.S.  “Heterogeneous Alkyne Metathesis.” TF05062, Provisional Application #60/688,936  June 2005, US Application #11/422,004 June 2006.

Moore, J.S., Rule, J. D., Brown, E. N., Sottos, N.R.,  and White, S. R.  “Wax Particles for Protection of Activators, and Multifunction Autonomically Healing Composite Materials.” U.S. Patent 6,858,659, 2005.

Markoski, L., Lyding, J., and Moore, J.S.  “Electrochemical Cells Comprising Laminar Flow induced Dynamic Conducting.” U.S. Patent 6,713,206, March 2004.

Beebe, D.J., and Moore, J.S.  “Microfabricated Devices and Method of Manufacturing the Same.” US Patent 6,488,872, December 2002.

Beebe, D.J., Moore, J.S., Liu, R.H., Eddington, D.T.  “Self-Regulating Microfluidic Device and Method of Using the Same.” US Patent 6,523,559, February 2003.

Beebe, D.J., Moore, J.S., Zhao, B.  “Method and Structure for Microfluidic Flow Guiding.” U.S. Patent 6,821,485, 2004.

White, S.R., Sottos, N.R., Geubelle, P.H., Moore, J.S., Sriram, S.R., Kessler, M.R., Brown, E.N.  “Multifunctional Autonomically Healing Composite Material.”  U.S. Patent 6,518,330, Feb 2003.

Beebe, D.J.; Moore, J.S.; Moorthy, J.  “A Method for Constructing Flow Constrictions Inside Microfluidic Channels.” U.S. Patent 7,111,635, Sept 2006.

Beebe, D. J.; Suh, H.-J.; Moore, J. S.; Bharathi, P.  “Dendritic Material Sacrificial Layer Micro-Scale Gap Formation Method.” U.S. Patent 6,248,668, 2001.

Moore, J.S.; Thompson, D.S.; Markoski, L.J. “Stable AmBnEtherimide Monomers (where m =1 and n ≥ 1), Am End-capping Agents (where m = 1), Bn Cores (where n ≥ 1), and Their ResultingPolyetherimide Polymers with Controllable Degrees of Branching (DB = 0-1), Molecular Architectures, and End Group Compositions, Along with Methods forTheir Preparation.” patent application submitted.  “Branched and Hyperbranched Polyetherimides from Stable A1Bn, AB, AA, and BB Monomers: AM Endcapping Agents.” U.S. Patent 6,333,390, 2001.

Martin, D.C.; Moore, J.S.; Markoski, L.J.; Walker, K.A.; Spilman, G.E., “Difunctional Bitricyclodecatriene Monomers." U.S. Patent 5,552,508, 1996.

Martin, D.C.; Moore, J.S.; Markoski, L.J.; Walker, K.A. "Cyclobutabenzene Monomers."  U.S. Patent 5,334,752, 1994.

Photo of Jeffrey S. Moore